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con_i18n.cpp

/*
 *    con_i18n.cpp
 *
 *    Copyright (c) 2008, eFTE SF Group (see AUTHORS file)
 *    Copyright (c) 1998, Zdenek Kabelac
 *
 *    You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
 *    License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
 *
 *    I18N support by kabi@fi.muni.cz
 *
 *    written as plain 'C' module and might be used
 *    in other programs to implement I18N support
 */


#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xutil.h>
#include <X11/keysym.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "con_i18n.h"

#define KEYMASK 0xff
#define KEYBYTEMAX 0xf00

#ifdef USE_HARD_REMAP
/*
 * This part is used when your Xserver doesn't work well with XKB extension
 */


/* Keyboard definition file - currently only Czech national keyboard
 * write your own keyboard for your language
 * And remember - this is supposed to be used only if your Xserver
 * is not supporting keyboard extension
 */
#include "con_ikcz.h"

/*
 * Quite a complex function to convert normal keys
 * to dead-keys and remapped keys
 */
static int i18n_key_analyze(XKeyEvent * keyEvent, KeySym * key, /*FOLD00*/
                            char *keyName, int nbytes) {
    static long prev_state = 0, local_switch = 0,
                             keypos = 0, last_keypos = 0, remap = 0;
    long i;
    struct keyboardRec *kbdActual;

    /* Find the state of keyboard
     * Check for different ISO group or modifier 5
     * So to activate remaping, you need to press at least
     * ScrollLock which is usually mapped as modifier 5
     */
    i = ((keyEvent->state | local_switch) & 0xFFA0);

    if (i != prev_state) {
        /* reset table position */
        last_keypos = keypos = 0;
        prev_state = i;
    }

    if (keyEvent->type == KeyPress) {
        if (i && ((*key == XK_Pause) || (*key == XK_F21))) {
            remap = !remap;
            return 0;
        } else if (*key == XK_F23) {
            local_switch ^= (1UL << 12);
            return 0;
        }
    }
    /*
     * Check for already remapped ISO8859-X keys
     * this should not normaly happen :-)
     * as we need to use this hack
     */

    if ((*key > KEYMASK) && (*key < KEYBYTEMAX) || (*key > 0xffffff00)) {
        *key &= KEYMASK;
        keyName[0] = (char) * key;
        return 1;
    }
    /* Select keyboard map */
    if (!i)
        kbdActual = nationalKey[0];
    else if (!remap)
        kbdActual = nationalKey[1];
    else
        kbdActual = nationalKey[2];

    if (keyEvent->type == KeyPress) {
        long i = last_keypos;

        /*
         * Search for DeadKey -> do loop over all tables.
         *
         * Note: We can define ONE DeadKey and use
         * it for several tables sequentially
         */
        for (;;) {
            i++;
            if ((kbdActual[0].tab == NULL) || kbdActual[i].tab == NULL) {
                i = 0;
                if (kbdActual[i].tab == NULL) {
                    /* Looks like empty table -> IGNORE */
                    keypos = i;
                    return nbytes;
                }
            }
            if (i == last_keypos)
                break;

            if (kbdActual[i].deadkey == *key) {
                keypos = kbdActual[i].next;
                /* Found DeadKey -> delete it
                 * and mark actual position for next search */
                last_keypos = i;
                keyName[0] = *key = 0;
                return 0;
            }
        }
    } else if (keypos)
        return 0;  /* ignore key release */

    /* Now we know it is not a DeadKey and we
     * are in selected remaping keyboard table */

    /* printf("** key:%5d\tstatus:0x%x\n", *key, prev_state); */
    if (*key < KEYBYTEMAX) {
        /*
         * this is selected constant and will change when
         * this editor will be able to write in japan :-)
         */
        int i = 0;

        /* remaping only real keys */
        while (kbdActual[keypos].tab[i].key_english != 0) {
            if (*key == kbdActual[keypos].tab[i].key_english) {
                *key = kbdActual[keypos].tab[i].key_remap;
                break;
            }
            i++;
        }
        last_keypos = keypos = kbdActual[keypos].next;
        /* printf("** remap: %3d %3d\n", keypos, *key); */
        keyName[0] = *key && KEYMASK;
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}
/*FOLD00*/
#else

/*********************************************
*                                           *
*   Standart methods for reading Keyboard   *
*                                           *
*********************************************/

/* ISO-8859-2 key-change

* All these functions are for keyboard reading.
* Correct displaing of this text is another thing,
* but as I only need ISO-8859 encoding support,
* I don't care about this (for now).
*/
static int i18n_key_analyze(XKeyEvent * /*keyEvent*/, KeySym * key, /*FOLD00*/
                            char *keyName, int nbytes) {
    KeySym t = (unsigned char) keyName[0];

    /*
    * ISO-8859-2 is using some characters from 8859-1 and
    * rest of them is located between 0x100 - 0x200 in 'X' so
    * with ISO-8859-2 font we'll remap them down bellow < 0x100
    * This is mostly true for all Latin-X alphas, just
    * special font to display them correctly is needed.
    * This jobs does Xserver - and keysymbol is returned
    * in the 1st. byte of keyName string.
    */
    if ((nbytes == 1) && *key < KEYBYTEMAX)
        *key = t;
#ifdef USE_HACK_FOR_BAD_XSERVER
    /*
    * this is really hack - but some Xservers are somewhat
    * strange, so we remap character manually
    */
    else if (!nbytes && (*key > KEYMASK) && (*key < KEYBYTEMAX)) {
        *key &= KEYMASK;
        keyName[0] = *key & KEYMASK;
        nbytes = 1;
    }
#endif
    return nbytes;
}
/*FOLD00*/
#endif

/*
 * Initialize I18N functions - took me hours to
 * figure out how this works even though it was
 * cut & pasted from 'xterm' sources, but as 'xterm'
 * is using Xt Toolkit some things have to be made
 * different
 */
i18n_context_t* i18n_open(Display * display, Window win, unsigned long *mask) { /*FOLD00*/
    *mask = 0;
#if XlibSpecificationRelease >= 6
    char *s, tmp[256];
    int found = False;

    i18n_context_t* ctx = (i18n_context_t*) malloc(sizeof(i18n_context_t));
    memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(i18n_context_t));

    /* Locale setting taken from XtSetLanguageProc */
    if (!(s = setlocale(LC_ALL, "")))
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N warning: Locale not supported by C library, "
                "locale unchanged!\n");

    if (!XSupportsLocale()) {
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N warning: Locale not supported by Xlib, "
                "locale set to C!\n");
        s = setlocale(LC_ALL, "C");
    }
    if (!XSetLocaleModifiers(""))
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N warning: X locale modifiers not supported, "
                "using default\n");

    ctx->xim = XOpenIM(display, NULL, NULL, NULL);
    if (ctx->xim == NULL) {
        // there are languages without Input Methods ????
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N warning: Input method not specified\n");
        i18n_destroy(&ctx);
        return NULL;
    }

    if (XGetIMValues(ctx->xim, XNQueryInputStyle, &ctx->xim_styles, NULL)
            || ctx->xim_styles == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N error: Input method doesn't support any style\n");
        i18n_destroy(&ctx);
        return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * This is some kind of debugging message to inform user
     * that something is wrong with his system
     */
    if (s != NULL && (strstr(s, XLocaleOfIM(ctx->xim)) == NULL))
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N warning: System locale: \"%s\" differs from "
                "IM locale: \"%s\"...\n", s, XLocaleOfIM(ctx->xim));

    /*
     * This part is cut&paste from other sources
     * There is no reason to do it this way, because
     * the only input style currently supported is Root
     * but for the future extension I'll leave it here
     */

    strcpy(tmp, XIM_INPUT_STYLE);
    for (s = tmp; s && !found;) {
        char *ns, *end;
        int i;

        while ((*s != 0) && isspace(*s))
            s++;

        if (*s == 0)
            break;

        if ((ns = end = strchr(s, ',')) != 0)
            ns++;
        else
            end = s + strlen(s);

        while (isspace(*end))
            end--;
        *end = '\0';

        if (!strcmp(s, "OverTheSpot"))
            ctx->input_style = (XIMPreeditPosition | XIMStatusArea);
        else if (!strcmp(s, "OffTheSpot"))
            ctx->input_style = (XIMPreeditArea | XIMStatusArea);
        else if (!strcmp(s, "Root"))
            ctx->input_style = (XIMPreeditNothing | XIMStatusNothing);

        for (i = 0; (unsigned short) i < ctx->xim_styles->count_styles; i++)
            if (ctx->input_style == ctx->xim_styles->supported_styles[i])
                //if (ctx->xim_styles->supported_styles[i] & (XIMPreeditNothing | XIMPreeditNone) &&
                //    ctx->xim_styles->supported_styles[i] & (XIMStatusNothing  | XIMStatusNone))
            {
                found = True;
                /* do not modify this!
                 * unless consulted with kabi@users.sf.net
                 */
                //ctx->input_style = ctx->xim_styles->supported_styles[i];
                break;
            }
        s = ns;
    }
    XFree(ctx->xim_styles);

    if (!found) {
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N error: Input method doesn't support my "
                "preedit type\n");
        i18n_destroy(&ctx);
        return NULL;
    }
    /* This program only understand the Root preedit_style yet */
    if (ctx->input_style != (XIMPreeditNothing | XIMStatusNothing)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N error: This program only supports the "
                "'Root' preedit type\n");
        i18n_destroy(&ctx);
        return NULL;
    }
    ctx->xic = XCreateIC(ctx->xim, XNInputStyle, ctx->input_style,
                         XNClientWindow, win,
                         XNFocusWindow, win,
                         NULL);
    if (ctx->xic == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N error: Failed to create input context\n");
        i18n_destroy(&ctx);
    } else if (XGetICValues(ctx->xic, XNFilterEvents, mask, NULL))
        fprintf(stderr, "I18N error: Can't get Event Mask\n");
    return ctx;
#else
    return NULL;
#endif
}
/*FOLD00*/

void i18n_destroy(i18n_context_t** ctx) {
    if (ctx && *ctx) {
        if ((*ctx)->xic)
            XDestroyIC((*ctx)->xic);
        if ((*ctx)->xim)
            XCloseIM((*ctx)->xim);
        free(*ctx);
        *ctx = NULL;
    }
}


void i18n_focus_in(i18n_context_t* ctx) { /*FOLD00*/
#if XlibSpecificationRelease >= 6
    if (ctx->xic != NULL)
        XSetICFocus(ctx->xic);
#endif
}
/*FOLD00*/

void i18n_focus_out(i18n_context_t* ctx) { /*FOLD00*/
#if XlibSpecificationRelease >= 6
    if (ctx->xic != NULL)
        XUnsetICFocus(ctx->xic);
#endif
}
/*FOLD00*/

/*
 * Lookup correct keysymbol from keymap event
 */
int i18n_lookup_sym(XKeyEvent * keyEvent, char *keyName, int keySize, /*FOLD00*/
                    KeySym * key, XIC xic) {
    static int showKeys = 0;
    int nbytes = 0;

#if XlibSpecificationRelease >= 6
    if (xic != NULL) {
        if (keyEvent->type == KeyPress) {
            Status status_return;

            /* No KeyRelease events here ! */
#if 1
            nbytes = XmbLookupString(xic, keyEvent, keyName, keySize,
                                     key, &status_return);
#else
            wchar_t wk;
            nbytes = XwcLookupString(xic, keyEvent, &wk, 1, key, &status_return);
            printf("code=%0X\n", wk);
            keySize = 1;
            keyName[0] = wk & 0xFF;
#endif
        }
    } else
#endif
        do {
            static XComposeStatus compose_status = { NULL, 0 };
            nbytes = XLookupString(keyEvent, keyName, keySize,
                                   key, &compose_status);
        } while (0);


    if (showKeys) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Key: 0x%04lx  '%s'\tKeyEventState:0x%x\t",
                *key, XKeysymToString(*key), keyEvent->state);
        if (nbytes && isprint(keyName[0])) {
            keyName[nbytes] = 0;
            fprintf(stderr, "String:'%s' Size:%2d  ", keyName, nbytes);
        }
        fputs("\n", stderr);
    }
    if (((*key == XK_F1) || (*key == XK_F11))
            && ((keyEvent->state & (ShiftMask | ControlMask))
                == (ShiftMask | ControlMask))
            && (keyEvent->type == KeyPress))
        showKeys = !showKeys;

    return i18n_key_analyze(keyEvent, key, keyName, nbytes);
}
/*FOLD00*/

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